Diabetes in Kids

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Kids seem to have the most functional body of all; they can jump high, run fast, eat a lot and burn it easily, laugh, have fun and enjoy the world even in the simplest sense. Diabetes can rob this all, it may even shorten it.

If a child is diagnosed to have diabetes, the cause may simply be unknown or genetic, or something goes wrong with his own immune system or environment such as a viral infection and nothing can entirely reverse it. The child will live with diabetes in his entire life.

In diabetes there two major characters to be remembered, sugar and insulin. The human body primarily uses sugar as a source of energy; it can be compared to gasoline used in cars. Glucose is the simplest sugar the body can use, it enters a cell (the smallest unity of the human body) and it is then converted to become energy that is used as the body moves, breath think and every single act the human body makes. Insulin, on the other hand, seems to be the key to accelerating the process, in the presence of insulin. It is easier for glucose to enter the body and be used. In diabetes, there is sugar but the body lacks insulin, then the body gets confused.

There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. In kids it is called type 1; it is also called juvenile diabetes. The disease appears suddenly, usually before a person reaches the age of 30.  Here the pancreas that produces insulin may not function properly. Even how hard the body pushes it to produce, it may produce a little or literally does not. The child may manifest to be fat for his age at first, but suddenly an evident weight loss can be observed.  Inside him, there is glucose in the blood waiting for the gates of the cell to open but because there no insulin they just stay in the blood. And because glucose stays outside, the cells perceive that there is no glucose, cells then stimulate the body to go get glucose. This result to the child to eat, eat and eat. Still the body senses that there is still a lack in glucose, this phenomenon explains his sudden weight loss; the body burns his fat and turns it into glucose.  As sugar concentration builds up in his blood, the viscosity increases this signals the body to procure water, this trigger the child to become thirsty and drink a lot of fluids. When the blood becomes too fed up because of high glucose concentration in the kidneys may throw it thus making glucose evident in the urine (glycosuria). We can sum up the manifestation into three; increased eating, increased thirst and increased in frequency of urination.

Although he eats a lot he always seems weak because he cannot use the energy from what he just ate. When bruised he does not easily heal as a normal wound would heal, including recurrent infections.

For it to be diagnosed, the child has to be brought to the hospital for clinical studies and laboratory tests. He may be asked not to eat for an 8 hour period before getting his blood and testing it for glucose concentration level. A blood sample may also be taken before the child is asked not to eat to determine the current glucose level in the blood.

In the course of management, the goal normalizes the two main characters, sugar and insulin. To effectively manage it there are five components needed to be included

  • Nutritional Therapy
    • To be able to control intake of food to be able to have a normal body weight, control glucose levels
  • Exercise
    • Lowers blood glucose level and reduces risks of heart disease but there are specific precautions in terms of exercise.
  • Monitoring
    • What should you monitor? BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL. Monitoring one’s own glucose level will help to prevent too high glucose concentration in the blood or vice versa thus controlling sugar levels through therapeutic drugs easier and safer.
  • Pharmacological therapy ( Therapeutic drugs)
    • Commonly, people inflicted with Diabetes type one are obliged to take synthetic insulin for their body are unable to. And insulin levels are carefully measured by doctors considering a lot of factors that might affect its use.
  • Education
    • The knowledge one has about the disease and how it can be controlled for him to still have a high quality of life even in the presence of the disease is crucial, for a person with diabetes who is knowledgeable on how to control the disease can still have a life to the fullest.
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15 thoughts on “Diabetes in Kids

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